Lake Mburo National Park

Lake Mburo National Park

Lake Mburo National Park is a stunning wildlife reserve located in southwestern Uganda, about 240 kilometers (150 miles) from the capital city, Kampala. It was established in 1982 and covers an area of approximately 370 square kilometers (about 143 square miles). The park is named after Lake Mburo, which is the centerpiece and one of the major highlights of the reserve; Despite being only 260 km2, Mburo has a tremendous variety of habitats, with lakes and marshland making nearly 20% of its surface area.

Lake Mburo National Park is located around 250km from Kampala on the main highway to western Uganda and other tourism places of interest most notable Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National Park, Queen Elizabeth National Park and Mount Rwenzori National Park respectively.

The park sits at an altitude averaging 1220-1830m above sea level and is generally flat with a high diversity of unique plant and animal life. This makes her amongst top destination for travellers on safaris to Uganda. Lake Mburo lies in the rain shadow area behind Rwenzori Mountains and receives low amounts of rainfall minimum average 500-1000mm while higher season receives 1450-1600mm with high temperatures 23-250Celcius that leads to tropical grassland that gradually generates into forest grassland.

Key features and characteristics of Lake Mburo National Park:

Diverse Wildlife:

Despite its relatively small size compared to other national parks in Uganda, Lake Mburo is home to a rich variety of wildlife. Visitors can spot a range of animals, including impalas, zebras, buffaloes, elands, warthogs, hippos, and various bird species. Giraffes were reintroduced to the park in recent years, enhancing the diversity of the ecosystem.

Acacia Savanna Landscape:

The park is predominantly characterized by rolling hills, open grasslands, and scattered acacia trees, creating a beautiful savanna landscape. The open terrain makes it easier for visitors to observe and photograph wildlife.

Lake Mburo:

The park’s namesake, Lake Mburo, is a small but picturesque lake that covers an area of about 260 square kilometers (100 square miles). It is one of the few lakes in Uganda where visitors can enjoy boat safaris and see hippos and other aquatic species up close.

Birdwatching Paradise:

Lake Mburo National Park is a paradise for birdwatchers, as it hosts over 350 bird species, including the rare African Finfoot, papyrus yellow warbler, and the shoebill stork. Bird enthusiasts will find numerous opportunities to spot and identify various avian species throughout the park.

Guided Safaris:

The park offers both game drives and walking safaris, allowing visitors to explore the diverse flora and fauna under the guidance of experienced rangers. Night drives are also available, giving a chance to observe nocturnal wildlife.


Lake Mburo National Park is one of the most accessible national parks in Uganda. It is conveniently located near the highway connecting Kampala to western Uganda, making it an ideal stopover for travelers heading to or from other destinations like Bwindi Impenetrable National Park or Queen Elizabeth National Park.

Activities to do at Lake Mburo National Park.

Game Drives.

Lake Mburo Wildlife

There is a system of game drive tracks throughout the park. Depending on the season, there will be varying levels of animals, and the absence of elephants is causing heavy scrub to swell where there used to be green plains. However, there’s typically a good possibility that every drive will turn up significant populations of impala, zebra, waterbuck, topi, and buffalo. The Kazuma and Ruroko paths offer the best views of the reintroduced giraffes. Additionally, the timid eland, now numbering over 100, might be seen. Now, visitors can take two to three-hour night game drives to explore the park after dark. These often begin around 6:30 p.m. and are a great way to observe nocturnal species like bush-babies and potto, as well as leopard and hyena, at their busiest.

Walking Safari.

Lake Mburo Walking Safaris

As long as you have a guide with you, you can explore the entire park on foot in Mburo. Favorite pathways lead to the Rwonyo salt lick, lakeshores, Rubanga Forest, and vantage point hilltops; Since sight is frequently obstructed by the vegetation and it is challenging to spot buffalo standing their ground or hyena loping back to their dens after a night on the prowl, walks are the most thrilling way to explore the park. For birders, walks are the best method to find the more elusive bird species and hear different sounds.

Boat Cruise.

Boat Cruise

A relaxing and pleasant aspect of every safari is getting out on the water. You leave the tsetse bugs and the dust and get a different perspective on life in the wild.

During a morning boat safari along Lake Mburo’s  shore, you can see crocodiles, buffalo, hippos, kingfishers, fish eagles, and hammer kops. The boat safaris depart every two hours from 8 am until 4 pm.



Birding at Mburo NP

The wetlands and acacia woods of Mburo make it a well-liked destination for birds. Viewing platforms built inside the forest and salt licks aid in sightings when searching by car and on foot. The greatest places to see birds are in the marshy valleys of Waruki and Miriti, as well as along the sides of roads leading up to the jetty. The Rufous-bellied heron, bateleur, black-bellied bustard, and red-faced barbet, the latter of which is unique to Lake Mburo National Park, are among the species spotted here.


Horseback Riding.

Horseback Riding

The only location in Uganda where you can ride horses through a national park is Mburo. All ages and abilities are catered for through the Mihingo Lodge stable. This is a unique technique to navigate among the wildlife since the reactions of zebra and buffalo to a person riding a horse are completely different. The four-hour rides include bush brunches or hilltop sundowners.




Mountain Biking.

Bike RiddingRwakobo Rock maintains a sizable inventory of well-kept mountain bikes and provides guided tours through the park’s bordering savanna.
This is the ideal way to expend some energy while taking in the local animals and meeting locals.





Accommodation at Lake Mburo National Park.

The park offers a range of accommodation options, from budget campsites to luxury lodges. Staying inside the park allows visitors to experience the beauty of the African wilderness up close.

A number of lodges have been built as a result of Mburo’s increasing popularity in recent years. The three most well-known ones are Mihingo Lodge, Lake Mburo Camp, and Rwakobo Rock.

Mihingo lodge.

Beautiful luxury lodge Mihingo Lodge is located on a 97ha private reserve that borders the park. Like Rwakobo, it has been tastefully incorporated into a sizable rocky outcrop that serves as both a home and a tourist destination for leopards.

The 12 tent rooms were meticulously planned and constructed to ensure that they blend in with the surrounding area. One of the most unwinding activities in Uganda is spending an hour or two in the infinity pool. Additionally, Mihingo runs the excellent horseback safaris that are offered in the park.

Mihingo Lodge
Mihingo Lodge at Lake Mburo National Park
Mihingo Lodge
Mihingo Lodge Rooms – Lake Mburo National Park


Rwakobo Rock.

One kilometer from the Nshara Gate and on the park’s edge, Rwakobo Rock is a rocky outcrop with stunning views of Mburo.

There are eight charming, roomy cottages constructed from local resources. The spacious dining room and bar also look out over the swimming pool.

Mountain bike tours of the savanna outside the park’s boundaries are also offered by Rwakobo in addition to the regular Mburo activities. These excursions are a wonderful way to get some exercise after a long trip and view some of the local animals.

Rwakobo Lodge
Rwakobo Lodge at Lake Mburo National Park
Rwakobo Lodge
Rwakobo Lodge Double Room – Lake Mburo National Park

Conservation Measures and Challenges at Lake Mburo NP.

Lake Mburo National Park is a protected area located in western Uganda. It is known for its diverse wildlife, including various animal species and a unique ecosystem. Conservation measures have been implemented to preserve the park’s biodiversity and address various challenges. Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA)have done a tremendous work towards conserving Lake Mburo National Parka and in addressing the challenges faced by the park

Conservation Measures:

Anti-Poaching Efforts: Poaching is a significant threat to wildlife in many national parks. Lake Mburo National Park has established anti-poaching units and employs rangers to patrol the park and prevent illegal hunting of animals like elephants, buffalo, and various antelope species.

Community Involvement: Engaging local communities in conservation efforts is crucial. Community-based conservation programs have been initiated to provide alternative livelihoods and raise awareness about the importance of protecting wildlife and their habitats.

Wildlife Monitoring and Research: Regular monitoring of wildlife populations and habitat conditions is essential to understand the park’s ecosystem dynamics. Researchers and conservationists track animal populations, movements, and behaviors to inform management decisions.

Habitat Restoration: Protecting habitats and restoring degraded areas are critical for maintaining biodiversity. Efforts are made to restore grasslands, wetlands, and other habitats that have been affected by human activities.

Tourism Management: Tourism can contribute to conservation by generating revenue for park management and creating incentives for protecting wildlife. Responsible tourism practices are promoted to minimize negative impacts on the environment and animals.


Human-Wildlife Conflict: The proximity of local communities to the park can lead to conflicts between humans and wildlife. Animals like elephants and hippos sometimes come into contact with crops and livestock, resulting in economic losses for farmers and retaliatory killings of wildlife.

Poaching and Illegal Wildlife Trade: Despite conservation efforts, poaching and illegal wildlife trade continue to pose threats to various species within the park. High demand for ivory and other animal products drives these activities.

Habitat Degradation: Habitat loss and degradation due to activities like livestock grazing, agriculture, and invasive species can impact the park’s biodiversity. Encroachment into protected areas can disrupt natural processes and fragment habitats.

Limited Resources and Infrastructure: Adequate funding, equipment, and facilities are necessary for effective park management. Limited resources can hamper conservation efforts, including anti-poaching patrols, research, and community engagement.

  • Climate Change: Climate change can disrupt ecosystems, alter animal behavior, and affect species distributions. Changes in rainfall patterns and temperature could impact the availability of water and vegetation for wildlife.
  • Tourism Pressures: While tourism can benefit conservation, it also poses challenges such as habitat disturbance, waste generation, and potential disturbance to wildlife. Proper management is required to balance tourism revenue with ecological protection.

It’s important to note that the situation at Lake Mburo National Park may have evolved since my last update. For the most current information on conservation measures and challenges, I recommend consulting recent reports and publications from relevant conservation organizations and government agencies.

Geography and Geology of Lake Mburo NP

Halfway between Bwindi and Entebbe/Kampala and in the southern Ankole region is Uganda’s smallest savanna national park. Lakes, wetlands, grassland, and acacia forest cover its 260km2. It has low hills that rise from the lakeshore, similar to areas of Rwanda’s Akagera National Park and Zululand.

Sandy, well-drained soils are supported by the older than 500 million year Pre-Cambrian bedrock beneath. Mburo, which is near Kidepo and is in the “rain shadow” created by Lake Victoria and the Rwenzori Mountains, experiences about 800mm of annual precipitation.

Despite this, wetland ecosystems, including five lakes, the largest of which is the 13 km2 Lake Mburo, make nearly 20% of the park. The acacia woodland is the other primary habitat in addition to grassland.

The park is located between 1,220m and 1,828m above sea level.

When to Visit Lake Mburo National Park.

The dry seasons from June to August and December to January offer the finest opportunities for spotting animals in general.

However, the rainier months of March through May and September through November are still fantastic times to visit Lake Mburo National Park.

Mburo can only be reached by car. The trip to Buhoma, Bwindi, takes the same five to six hours as the trip to Entebbe/Kampala.

Getting at Lake Mburo National Park.

By Road:
If you prefer a road trip, you can drive from Kampala (Uganda’s capital) to Lake Mburo National Park. The journey takes approximately 3-4 hours, covering a distance of about 240 kilometers. The most common route is via Masaka and Mbarara. The roads are generally in decent condition, but it’s advisable to check the road conditions before your trip.

By Air:
The closest major airport to Lake Mburo National Park is Entebbe International Airport (EBB) in Entebbe, which is about a 4-5 hour drive away from the park. From Entebbe, you can take a domestic flight to Mbarara Airport or Kihihi Airstrip, which are the closest airports to the park. From there, you can arrange for a vehicle or transfer to Lake Mburo National Park.

What to Pack for Lake Mburo National Park.

When visiting Lake Mburo National Park, it’s important to pack appropriately to ensure you have a comfortable and enjoyable experience while respecting the park’s environment and regulations. Here’s a suggested packing list:


  • Lightweight and Breathable Clothing: Pack lightweight, breathable clothing suitable for the warm climate. Long-sleeved shirts and pants can help protect you from the sun and insects.
  • Sturdy Walking Shoes: Comfortable, closed-toe walking shoes are essential for exploring the park on foot. Choose shoes suitable for hiking and walking on uneven terrain.
  • Hat and Sunglasses: Protect yourself from the sun with a wide-brimmed hat and sunglasses. These will help keep you cool and shielded from the sun’s rays.
  • Rain Gear: Since rain can occur unexpectedly, it’s a good idea to pack a lightweight rain jacket or poncho.
  • Swimwear: If you plan to take a dip in Lake Mburo or use lodges with swimming facilities, pack appropriate swimwear.
  • Warm Clothing: While Lake Mburo is generally warm during the day, temperatures can drop at night. Pack a light sweater or jacket for cooler evenings.

Personal Items:

  • Sunscreen and Insect Repellent: Protect yourself from the sun and insect bites. Choose eco-friendly options that won’t harm the environment.
  • Personal Medications: Bring any necessary prescription medications and a basic first aid kit, including items like bandages, antiseptics, and pain relievers.
  • Reusable Water Bottle: Staying hydrated is important. Bring a reusable water bottle to minimize plastic waste.
  • Camera and Binoculars: Lake Mburo is home to diverse wildlife. A camera with a good zoom lens and a pair of binoculars can enhance your wildlife viewing experience.
  • Flashlight or Headlamp: A flashlight or headlamp is useful for navigating in the evenings and for any night activities.
  • Personal Toiletries: Pack your toiletries, including biodegradable soap and shampoo to minimize your impact on the environment.

Other Essentials:

  • Identification and Documentation: Carry your identification, travel documents, and any permits required for entering the national park.
  • Cash: While some lodges and facilities might accept cards, it’s a good idea to have some local currency (Ugandan Shillings) for small purchases and tips.
  • Reusable Bag: Bring a reusable bag for carrying your belongings and any items you pick up during your visit. This helps minimize litter and waste.
  • Notebook and Pen: If you’re interested in journaling or taking notes about your experiences, bring a small notebook and pen.

Remember that packing light and responsibly helps reduce your ecological footprint on the park’s environment. Be sure to check the latest weather forecasts before your trip to tailor your packing list accordingly. Always respect park regulations and guidelines to ensure a positive and sustainable experience in Lake Mburo National Park

Remarks on Lake Mburo National Park.

Overall, Lake Mburo National Park is a gem of a destination for wildlife enthusiasts, birdwatchers, and nature lovers seeking an authentic African safari experience. Its unique landscapes and diverse wildlife make it a must-visit destination for travelers exploring Uganda’s natural wonders.