Arusha National Park

Arusha National Park

Arusha National Park is a stunning and diverse protected area located in northern Tanzania, near the city of Arusha. Established in 1960, the park covers an area of approximately 552 square kilometers (212 square miles) and is one of Tanzania’s smaller national parks. Despite its size, it offers a wide range of landscapes and ecosystems, making it a must-visit destination for nature enthusiasts and wildlife lovers.

Geographically, Arusha National Park lies within the larger Arusha Region and is part of the East African Rift system, which has contributed to the park’s unique geography and biodiversity. The park is easily accessible from both Arusha city and Kilimanjaro International Airport, making it a popular starting point for safaris and treks to the nearby Mount Kilimanjaro and Mount Meru.


Key Features and Attractions at Arusha National Park.

Diverse Landscapes:

The park boasts a diverse range of landscapes, including rolling grasslands, lush swamps, montane forests, and volcanic craters. The Ngurdoto Crater and Mount Meru, an active stratovolcano, are among the most prominent geological features within the park.


Despite its smaller size, Arusha National Park is home to a remarkable array of wildlife. Visitors can spot various animal species, including African elephants, buffaloes, giraffes, zebras, and warthogs. The park is also known for its populations of blue monkeys, colobus monkeys, and black-and-white colobus monkeys. Leopards and hyenas are present but are more challenging to spot due to their elusive nature.

Avian Diversity:

Birdwatchers will be delighted with the park’s rich birdlife. Over 400 bird species have been recorded in Arusha National Park, including flamingos, African fish eagles, herons, and various waterfowl around Momella Lakes.

Mount Meru Trek:

Arusha National Park serves as a gateway for those planning to trek Mount Meru. The trek to the summit of Mount Meru, which stands at 4,565 meters (14,977 feet), offers breathtaking views and a less crowded alternative to Mount Kilimanjaro.

Canoeing on Momella Lakes:

The Momella Lakes, a series of shallow alkaline lakes, are ideal for canoeing safaris. Besides birdwatching opportunities, the lakes are inhabited by hippos, waterbucks, and other wildlife.

Cultural Heritage:

The local Maasai people inhabit the areas surrounding the park, and there are opportunities for visitors to learn about their culture and traditions through guided tours and visits to nearby Maasai villages.

Day Trips:

Due to its proximity to Arusha city and Kilimanjaro International Airport, Arusha National Park is a perfect destination for day trips and short safaris for those with limited time.

Conservation and Tourism:

Arusha National Park plays a crucial role in the conservation of Tanzania’s diverse ecosystems and wildlife. Efforts are in place to protect the park’s delicate balance between tourism and preserving its natural heritage. Local communities are also involved in sustainable tourism initiatives to ensure that conservation efforts benefit the people living around the park.

When visiting Arusha National Park, it is essential to adhere to responsible tourism practices, such as respecting wildlife and their habitats, not littering, and following the guidance of park rangers and guides.


Activities to do at Arusha National Park.

Arusha National Park offers a wide range of activities that cater to various interests and preferences. Here are some of the top activities you can enjoy at the park:

Game Drives:

Embark on thrilling game drives to explore the park’s diverse wildlife. Drive through the open savannah, lush forests, and around the Ngurdoto Crater to spot animals such as giraffes, buffaloes, zebras, warthogs, and various monkey species. While predators like leopards and hyenas are more elusive, a game drive may offer a chance encounter.


With over 400 bird species recorded, Arusha National Park is a paradise for birdwatchers. Bring your binoculars and camera to spot colorful birds, including flamingos, African fish eagles, herons, and waterfowl around the Momella Lakes.

Canoeing Safaris:

Enjoy a peaceful and scenic canoe ride on the tranquil waters of Momella Lakes. As you paddle along the lakes, you’ll have the opportunity to get up close to hippos, waterbucks, and various water birds.

Guided Nature Walks:

Embark on guided nature walks with knowledgeable park rangers. These walks offer a chance to explore the park’s diverse flora and fauna up close, including opportunities to spot monkeys and other small mammals.

Mount Meru Trek:

If you are an avid hiker and have a few days to spare, consider trekking Mount Meru. The climb to the summit is challenging but rewarding, offering breathtaking views and a chance to encounter unique high-altitude flora and fauna.

Cultural Tours:

Engage in cultural tours to nearby Maasai villages. Learn about the Maasai people’s traditional way of life, their customs, and their rich cultural heritage. It’s an opportunity to interact with the local community and gain insights into their daily activities.


Several designated picnic sites within the park offer fantastic views and a chance to relax amid nature. Enjoy a packed lunch or snacks while taking in the picturesque surroundings.

Visiting Ngurdoto Crater:

Take a trip to the impressive Ngurdoto Crater, often referred to as the “Little Ngorongoro.” The crater’s lush vegetation provides a habitat for a variety of wildlife, and the viewpoint offers stunning panoramic views.


Arusha National Park’s diverse landscapes and abundant wildlife make it a photographer’s dream. Capture the breathtaking scenery and wildlife encounters during your visit.


For a more immersive experience, camping is allowed in designated campsites within the park. Sleeping under the stars surrounded by nature is an unforgettable experience.

Remember to hire a professional guide or join organized tours for activities like trekking and canoeing to ensure your safety and enhance your overall experience. Always follow the park’s guidelines and respect the environment and wildlife during your stay


Accommodation at Arusha National Park.

Arusha National Park offers a variety of accommodation options to suit different budgets and preferences. Whether you prefer luxury lodges, mid-range hotels, or budget-friendly campsites, you can find suitable places to stay both within the park and in its vicinity. Here are some popular accommodation options at Arusha National Park:

Ngurdoto Mountain Lodge:

This is a luxury lodge located just outside the park’s boundaries, offering stunning views of Mount Meru and the surrounding landscapes. The lodge provides comfortable rooms, excellent dining options, and amenities like a swimming pool, spa, and guided nature walks.

Hatari Lodge:

Situated on the northeastern edge of Arusha National Park, Hatari Lodge offers a unique and luxurious experience. The lodge is named after the 1962 movie “Hatari!” which was filmed in the area. It provides spacious rooms, a swimming pool, and personalized safari activities.

Momella Wildlife Lodge:

This lodge is set within the park and offers picturesque views of Mount Meru and Momella Lakes. The lodge features well-appointed rooms, a restaurant, bar, and organized game drives and nature walks.

Mount Meru Hotel:

Located in Arusha city, Mount Meru Hotel is a mid-range option with comfortable rooms, a swimming pool, and dining facilities. It’s a convenient choice for those starting or ending their safari adventure at Arusha National Park.

Kibo Palace Hotel:

Another option in Arusha city, Kibo Palace Hotel offers modern amenities, spacious rooms, a restaurant, and a bar. It’s a good choice for travelers looking for a comfortable stay with easy access to the park.

Hatari Camp:

For a more exclusive and authentic safari experience, Hatari Camp offers luxury tented accommodation within the park. It’s a small, intimate camp with personalized services and guided activities.

Special Campsites:

For budget travelers and those seeking a more adventurous experience, Arusha National Park has special campsites where you can pitch your own tent. Basic facilities like toilets and water are available.

Private Mobile Camps:

Some tour operators set up private mobile camps within the park for a limited time. These camps provide an exclusive and close-to-nature experience, with all necessary facilities and services provided.

When planning your stay at Arusha National Park, consider your budget, preferred level of comfort, and the type of experience you want to have. It’s essential to book your accommodation well in advance, especially during peak tourist seasons, to secure your preferred choice. Additionally, check with the accommodation providers about the amenities, services, and activities they offer to ensure they align with your expectations.


When to Visit Arusha National Park.

The best time to visit Arusha National Park depends on your preferences and the type of experience you want to have. The park can be visited year-round, but there are distinct seasons that may influence your decision:

Dry Season (June to October):

The dry season is generally considered the best time to visit Arusha National Park. It occurs during the months of June to October and is characterized by mild temperatures and minimal rainfall. The dry conditions make wildlife viewing easier as animals tend to gather around water sources, and the grass is shorter, providing better visibility. This is also the peak tourist season, so the park may be more crowded, and accommodations may be in high demand.

Wet Season (November to May):

The wet season in Arusha National Park occurs from November to May, with the heaviest rainfall typically falling between March and May. While the wet season brings lush vegetation and vibrant landscapes, wildlife can be more challenging to spot as animals disperse throughout the park to find water and food. However, this is the best time for birdwatching, as migratory birds arrive in large numbers. Additionally, the park is less crowded during this period, and you may find more affordable accommodation options.

Shoulder Seasons:

The shoulder seasons, which fall between the wet and dry seasons, can also be a good time to visit. These are transitional months, and the weather can be unpredictable. April and May are considered the low season due to heavy rainfall, but wildlife sightings can still be rewarding for those willing to endure the rain.

If you plan to combine your visit to Arusha National Park with a trek to Mount Kilimanjaro or Mount Meru, it’s worth considering the climbing seasons for these mountains as well. The best time to climb Mount Kilimanjaro is generally during the dry months, and the same applies to Mount Meru.

Overall, the dry season offers the most favorable conditions for wildlife viewing and trekking, but keep in mind that it’s also the busiest and most expensive time to visit. The wet season, while less popular, can still offer a unique and rewarding experience, especially for birdwatchers and travelers seeking a quieter atmosphere. Ultimately, your choice of when to visit should align with your interests, schedule, and tolerance for weather conditions.


Geography and Geology of Arusha NP.

The geography and geology of Arusha National Park are incredibly diverse, thanks to its location within the East African Rift system. The park showcases a wide range of landscapes, including mountainous terrain, lush forests, rolling grasslands, and volcanic features. Here’s a closer look at the key aspects of the park’s geography and geology:

Geography of Arusha National Park.

  • Mountainous Terrain: Arusha National Park is dominated by two prominent volcanic mountains: Mount Meru and Mount Longido. Mount Meru is the park’s centerpiece, an active stratovolcano and Tanzania’s second-highest peak, standing at 4,565 meters (14,977 feet) above sea level. Mount Longido, located in the north of the park, is a distinctive flat-topped mountain with a height of about 2,590 meters (8,497 feet).
  • Ngurdoto Crater: The park features the Ngurdoto Crater, often referred to as the “Little Ngorongoro.” It is an enclosed volcanic caldera with a diameter of approximately 3 kilometers (1.9 miles) and a depth of around 400 meters (1,312 feet). The crater’s floor is covered with lush vegetation and provides a habitat for various wildlife species.
  • Momella Lakes: Arusha National Park is home to several alkaline lakes collectively known as the Momella Lakes. These include Big Momella, Small Momella, and the beautifully colored shallow lakes like Lake Rishateni and Lake Tulusia. The lakes are a haven for birdlife, particularly flamingos and waterfowl.
  • Montane Forests: The lower slopes of Mount Meru are covered with montane forests, characterized by a rich variety of tree species and lush undergrowth. These forests are home to a diverse array of wildlife, including monkeys, duikers, and various bird species.
  • Savanna and Grasslands: As you move away from the mountains, the landscape transitions into savanna and grasslands. These open plains support a wide range of grazing herbivores, such as giraffes, buffaloes, zebras, and warthogs. Predators like leopards and hyenas are also present but are more elusive.

Geology of Arusha National Park:

Arusha National Park is part of the East African Rift system, a geological feature that runs through eastern Africa. The park is located in the Gregory Rift, a branch of the larger East African Rift. The formation of Mount Meru and other volcanic features in the area is a result of tectonic activity and volcanic eruptions.

The diverse geography and geology of Arusha National Park contribute to its rich biodiversity and make it a unique destination for wildlife viewing and outdoor activities. Whether you’re exploring the forests, spotting wildlife on the savanna, or trekking the volcanic mountains, the park offers an unforgettable experience amidst its stunning natural beauty


Getting to Arusha National Park.

Arusha National Park is easily accessible from Arusha city, which serves as a major gateway to several national parks and attractions in northern Tanzania. Here are the common ways to get to Arusha National Park:

By Air:

The nearest international airport to Arusha National Park is Kilimanjaro International Airport (JRO). Many international flights from major cities in Europe, Asia, and Africa connect to Kilimanjaro Airport. From the airport, it’s a drive of approximately 1 to 1.5 hours (depending on traffic) to reach the park.

By Road:

Arusha National Park is about 40 kilometers (25 miles) from Arusha city. If you are already in Arusha, you can hire a taxi or use a private car hire service to reach the park. The journey takes around 1 to 1.5 hours, depending on road conditions and traffic.

Organized Tours and Safaris:

Many tourists visit Arusha National Park as part of organized tours and safaris. Tour operators and travel agencies offer various packages that include transportation, accommodation, and guided activities within the park. If you book a safari package, the tour operator will take care of all logistics, including transportation to and from the park.

Public Transport:

While public transportation options like buses and minibusses (locally known as “dala-dala”) are available in Arusha city, they may not directly take you to the park entrance. Public transport can be crowded and time-consuming, so it’s not the most convenient option for reaching the park.

Once you arrive at the park entrance, you will need to pay the entry fees and may have to arrange for a park ranger or guide for certain activities like trekking or guided walks. It’s essential to plan your visit in advance and make necessary arrangements to ensure a smooth and enjoyable experience at Arusha National Park


Conservation Measures and Challenges at Arusha NP.

Conservation Measures at Arusha National Park.

  • Wildlife Protection: Arusha National Park has established anti-poaching units and employs park rangers to protect wildlife from poaching and illegal activities. These measures aim to safeguard the park’s diverse animal populations, including endangered species like black rhinos and African elephants.
  • Habitat Management: The Park implements habitat management strategies to maintain and restore the diverse ecosystems within its boundaries. This includes controlling invasive plant species and promoting sustainable land use practices.
  • Community Engagement: Arusha National Park works closely with local communities to involve them in conservation efforts. Engaging communities helps to build support for conservation initiatives, provides alternative livelihood opportunities, and reduces human-wildlife conflicts.
  • Education and Awareness: The park conducts educational programs for visitors, local communities, and schoolchildren to raise awareness about conservation issues and the importance of protecting the park’s natural resources.
  • Research and Monitoring: Regular research and monitoring programs are conducted to study the park’s wildlife populations, vegetation, and ecological dynamics. This data is essential for making informed conservation decisions.

Challenges at Arusha National Park:

  • HumanWildlife Conflict: Encroachment of human settlements into wildlife habitats can lead to conflicts between humans and animals. Crop damage by wildlife and retaliatory killing of animals pose significant challenges to conservation efforts.
  • Poaching: Despite efforts to combat poaching, it remains a persistent threat to the park’s wildlife, particularly for species like elephants and rhinos, which are targeted for their ivory and horns.
  • Habitat Degradation: Human activities, such as illegal logging and agriculture, can degrade the park’s habitats and disrupt the delicate balance of its ecosystems.
  • Climate Change: Climate change poses a threat to Arusha National Park’s biodiversity and ecosystems. Shifts in weather patterns, increased temperatures, and changing rainfall patterns can impact wildlife, vegetation, and water availability.
  • Tourism Pressure: While tourism contributes to the park’s revenue and conservation efforts, it can also exert pressure on the environment and wildlife if not managed sustainably. High visitor numbers can disturb wildlife and vegetation, leading to ecological impacts.
  • Infrastructure Development: Infrastructure development, such as roads and lodges, can fragment wildlife habitats and disturb wildlife movements.
  • Limited Resources: Like many protected areas, Arusha National Park faces challenges due to limited funding and resources. Adequate funding is essential for effective conservation and park management.

Addressing these challenges requires ongoing collaboration between park authorities, local communities, conservation organizations, and the government. Sustainable tourism practices, community involvement, and international cooperation are vital for ensuring the long-term protection and preservation of Arusha National Park’s unique biodiversity and natural heritage


What to Pack for Arusha National Park.

When packing for a visit to Arusha National Park, it’s essential to be prepared for the park’s diverse climate and activities. Here’s a comprehensive packing list to ensure you have a comfortable and enjoyable experience:


  • Lightweight, breathable, and moisture-wicking clothing for warm days.
  • Long-sleeved shirts and long pants to protect against the sun and insects.
  • A light sweater or jacket for cooler evenings and early mornings, especially if visiting during the dry season.
  • A waterproof and windproof jacket or rain poncho, as rain showers can occur throughout the year, especially during the wet season.
  • Comfortable and sturdy closed-toe hiking shoes or boots for walks and hikes.
  • Sandals or flip-flops for relaxing at the lodge or campsite.


  • A wide-brimmed hat or cap for sun protection.
  • Sunglasses with UV protection.
  • A small day backpack to carry essentials like water, snacks, and a camera during walks and hikes.
  • Binoculars for wildlife viewing and birdwatching.
  • Camera or smartphone with a good zoom lens to capture wildlife and scenic moments.
  • Insect repellent to ward off mosquitoes and other insects.
  • Sunscreen with a high SPF rating to protect against the strong African sun.

Personal Items:

  • A valid passport and necessary travel documents.
  • Any required medical prescriptions and medications.
  • Personal toiletries, including biodegradable soap and shampoo for eco-friendly camping.
  • Hand sanitizer and wet wipes for hygiene.

First Aid Kit:

  • Basic first aid supplies, including band-aids, antiseptic cream, pain relievers, and any personal medications.


  • Reusable water bottle(s) to stay hydrated. Some lodges and camps may provide filtered water for refilling.
  • Snacks and energy bars for on-the-go sustenance during activities.
  • Travel adapter and chargers for your electronic devices.
  • Cash for park entry fees, tips, and small purchases. While some lodges accept credit cards, it’s always good to have cash on hand.

Optional Items:

  • Walking poles for added stability during hikes.
  • A headlamp or flashlight for campsites or night walks.
  • A book or guide on Tanzanian wildlife and flora to enhance your safari experience.

Remember to pack light but adequately, as some safari vehicles and light aircraft may have luggage weight restrictions. Additionally, it’s a good idea to check with your accommodations for any specific dress codes or special requirements they may have.

By packing wisely, you’ll be ready to immerse yourself in the beauty of Arusha National Park and enjoy its diverse landscapes and wildlife to the fullest

Remarks on Arusha National Park.

Arusha National Park is a hidden gem in Tanzania, offering a variety of landscapes, wildlife, and cultural experiences. Whether you are looking for a day trip, birdwatching adventure, or trekking Mount Meru, this park has something special to offer every traveler.