Murchison Falls National Park

Murchison Falls National Park

Murchison Falls National Park is a magnificent and diverse protected area located in northwestern Uganda. It is one of the oldest and largest National Parks in the country, covering approximately 3,893 square kilometers (1,503 square miles) of wilderness; The park is named after the Murchison Falls, a breathtaking natural wonder where the Nile River, the longest river in the world, is forced through a narrow gorge and tumbles down from a height of about 43 meters (141 feet), creating a powerful and dramatic waterfall.

Established in 1952, Murchison Falls National Park is a testament to Uganda’s commitment to conservation, boasting an incredible array of wildlife and stunning landscapes; The park is characterized by vast savannah grasslands, dense woodlands, and lush riverbanks, providing a diverse range of habitats that support a wide variety of animal and plant species.

“The water fall was snow-white, which created a wonderful effect as it contrasted with the black cliffs that surrounded the water. The scene was further enhanced by graceful tropic palms and wild plantains. The Nile’s largest waterfall was this one. – Samuel Baker, an adventurer, wrote in 1864.

Murchison Falls National Park

Murchison, which was first established as a wildlife reserve in 1926, became one of Uganda’s first national parks in 1952 and presently occupies 3,840 square kilometers, making it the nation’s largest protected area; It is located where the Bunyoro Escarpment drops into the lowland plains of the savannah at the northern end of the Albertine Rift Valley.

The overpopulation of animals in Murchison in the 1960s led to the culling of elephants and hippos in an effort to control large herbivore use; The years of civil conflict offered their own remedy and caused a drastic decline in all species’ populations.

However, many populations have recovered significantly thanks to peace and a realization of the importance of tourism. Elephant populations are booming, the park is home to the greatest Rothschild giraffe population in the world (only found in Murchison and Kidepo), and both the buffalo and Ugandan kob populations are expanding; There are thought to be 200 lions in all, distributed among 20 prides, and occasionally even leopards are spotted.

The largest national park in Uganda is Murchison Falls National Park. It is situated in the Murchison conservation Area, 305 kilometers north of Kampala, the country’s capital. Amazing Bugungu and Karuma Wildlife Reserves are located in the Murchison Conservation Area. The Victoria Nile pushes through a small gorge to form the Murchison Falls, which are its most famous feature. It is located in northwest Uganda along the beaches of Lake Albert.

The Murchison Falls in the Game Park

The Nile River cuts through the park; The renowned rainbow seen in so many images is created as the Nile, which is flowing west into Lake Albert, squeezes through an 8-meter opening and plunges 45 meters over the remaining Rift Valley wall down into the appropriately named “Devil’s Cauldron.”

The Falls mark the end of an 80-kilometer stretch of rapids before the Nile opens up into a wide, calm river that flows into Lake Albert and a far-reaching voyage to the north.

The best way to get to the Falls is through a two-part excursion that starts with a boat safari on the Nile, where you can see elephant, giraffe, buffalo, hippo, Nile crocodile, and aquatic birds on the shore or in the shallows, and then continues with a 30-minute hike around the cliffs to the head of the Falls.

The Lake Albert delta, one of the greatest spots in Uganda to watch the renowned Shoebill storks, is reached by sailing west rather than east to the Falls. Murchison is a terrific area to go fishing if you like to be more active on the water. There are numerous destinations that provide specialized excursions.

Wildlife in Murchison Falls National Park

Game drives in the Buligi Peninsula’s savannah grasslands and Riverine woods offer fantastic opportunities to see lions, elephants, buffalo, giraffes, and Ugandan kob antelope; Only rhinos are absent, but those will be replaced by rhinos from the Zziwa Rhino Sanctuary, according to the growing sightings of leopard; The Budongo Forest Reserve is a paradise for birders and a fantastic place to look for chimpanzees in the park’s woody south; Even though most guests only stay in Murchison for two or three nights, it is possible to stay for much longer and yet feel unfulfilled.

Iconic Features and attractions at Murchison Falls National Park.


The park is renowned for its rich wildlife diversity, making it a popular destination for safari enthusiasts and nature lovers. Visitors can expect to encounter the “Big Five,” which includes elephants, buffalos, lions, leopards, and rhinos (white rhinos are being reintroduced in some areas); Additionally, Murchison Falls National Park is home to other iconic African animals such as giraffes, hippos, crocodiles, and various antelope species like Uganda Kob, waterbuck, and hartebeest.

Birdlife: – Murchison Falls National Park

The park is a haven for birdwatchers as it boasts over 450 bird species, making it one of the most bird-rich destinations in East Africa. The Nile River attracts numerous waterbirds, including the rare shoebill stork, African fish eagles, herons, kingfishers, and more. The lush forests are also home to various forest-dwelling birds, adding to the park’s impressive birding opportunities.

Boat Safaris:

One of the highlights of visiting Murchison Falls National Park is taking a boat safari along the Nile River to the base of the Murchison Falls. This memorable boat trip offers incredible opportunities to observe hippos, crocodiles, and various waterbirds along the riverbanks. The climax of the boat safari is the thrilling experience of reaching the base of the falls, where the powerful rush of water is awe-inspiring.

Game Drives:

Game drives are another popular activity in the park. Visitors can embark on guided safaris in open-roofed vehicles to explore the savannahs and spot the park’s diverse wildlife, including the Big Five and other fascinating creatures.

Budongo Forest:

Murchison Falls National Park also encompasses a part of the vast Budongo Forest, one of the largest and most important tropical rainforests in Uganda. The forest is renowned for its population of chimpanzees, making it a prime location for chimpanzee tracking and habituation experiences.

Activities to do at Murchison Falls National Park.

Game drives:

This activity involves driving a safari vehicle around the Murchison Falls National Park on designated park routes in an effort to spot various species; The park offers a morning game drive that departs at either 7:00 am or 6:00 am and lasts up to two hours; There are two types of game drives in the park: the nocturnal game drive, which begins after dinner and lasts two hours, and the afternoon game drive, which begins about 6:00 pm and lasts an hour.

A qualified guide is necessary for game drives in Murchison National Park, especially for spotting nocturnal species like lions, serval cats, and hyenas. Elephants, buffalo, giraffes, waterbucks, warthogs, and other animals can also be spotted during daytime game drives. A variety of birds can also be observed, including the saddle-billed stork, the majestic grey crowned crane, the gorgeous black headed spur wined lapwings, and many others.

Game Drives : – Murchison Falls National Park

Although it is wonderful to see wildlife from the river, nothing compares to the thrill of a game drive; The thrill of moving slowly through dense bush, never knowing when you will see the next elephant, or the feeling of being right in the heart of a resting pride of lions, giraffes, or a tower of giraffe.

Murchison Falls National Park

The Buligi Peninsula, where 170 km of paths traverse wide savanna grassland, woodland, acacia, and Riverine vegetation, is where the majority of game drives in Murchison are taken; You can expect to spot elephant, buffalo, antelopes, and giraffe while driving in the early morning (the first south/north ferry crossing at Paraa is at 7:00) and late afternoon.

The majority of the Park’s prides are found here, where they prey on Ugandan kob, hence lions are becoming more common. A leopard might even be visible.

At Delta Point, where the Nile exits Lake Albert and flows north, the rails come together. This is a good location to pause for refreshments while watching distant hippos and waterbirds offshore. The southern “Heart of Murchison” is less traveled but yet accessible to daring adventurers. This recently opened area of the park was created with the goal of reducing the amount of visitor strain on Buligi; While the majority of Murchison’s southern region is covered in bush and woodland, the park’s center features a magnificent section of savanna that sweeps down to the river from the Rabongo road.

This is a great area for lions because to large herds of Uganda Kob. Since 15 giraffes were relocated here in January 2016, it is now possible to see these enormous animals on the Honey Moon route

Top of the Falls Experience

Murchison Falls National Park

The top of the falls route, which loops around the top of the falls, the falls, and the waters edge, is an incredible experience in Murchison Falls National Park.

It takes 15 to 45 minutes; You can get close to the narrow ravine through which the water erupts into the falls on the journey up to the top of the falls from the boat landing. There are also camping grounds, picnic areas, and walking safaris to make your trip to Murchison Falls unique and fascinating.



Bird Watching:

Murchison Falls National Park

The Murchison Falls National Area is a haven for about 450 different bird species. Bird watchers can enjoy the park from their safari vehicles during game drives, from boats during boat cruises, or on foot during nature walks; You can see a variety of birds in Murchison Falls National Park, including African darter, along toed plover, grey headed kingfisher, veracious dove, martial eagle, African fish eagle, black headed lapwing, giant kingfisher, shoebill, roc pratincole, goliath heron, yellow billed stork, white faced whistling duck, secretary bird, greater flamingo, and papyrus


Sport Fishing:

Murchison Falls National Park

Murchison Falls In Uganda, this is one of the national parks that gives  visitors the chance to partake in sport fishing, making for an exciting experience. Lake Mburo National Park is another national park that offers this possibility.

At the base of the falls and along the River Nile, sport fishing is practiced. Among the fish caught are mud fish, tiger fish, tilapia, and Nile perch; Sport fishing is a year-round pastime that is best enjoyed when the water is clear, which is typically from January to April.



Cultural Encounters:

Murchison Falls National Park

Cultural encounters are intriguing activities in the Murchison Falls National Park because it allows you to visit remote areas in various villages to interact with the locals and learn more about their lifestyles, cultures, and traditional foods; For instance the Boomu Women’s Group offers community tours to the Banyoro Community and operates a craft shop with locally made crafts like baskets and other items.



Hot Air Balloon Experience: – Murchison Falls National Park

Murchison Falls National Park

The hot air balloon safari experience, which is exclusively available in Uganda’s Murchison and Queen Elizabeth national parks, is one of the additional activities that may be done during your safari in Murchison Falls National Park; While on a safari, the Murchison Falls National Park provides a wide variety of accommodations, including the Chobe Safari Lodge, Nile Safari Lodge, Paraa Safari Lodge, Bakers Lodge, Red Chili Rest Camp, Boomu Women’s Group Bandas, Budongo Eco Lodge, Kalalo Cottages Inn, and New Court View Hotel, among others. The best months to visit Murchison Falls National Park are between December and February and June and September. The park is open all year round.


Boat Cruise Experience on the Bottom of the Falls.

Murchison Falls National Park

The Lake Albert Delta river safari is in many respects an extension of the Falls cruise experience, but with the Delta as your destination. You travel downstream at this period, which is frequently in the morning. There is a good probability that you will witness Shoebill storks as well as other sizable groups of water birds.

Although comparable to the Falls cruise, the experience is more than just seeing wildlife. Moving from the river to the lake’s broad open waters is a very unique feeling that makes for some beautiful photos.



When to Visit Murchison Falls.

The majority of Murchison’s 1,085mm yearly rainfall falls between March and November; This doesn’t stop people from visiting the park; June to September is still one of the busiest months, but you should be prepared for sudden, heavy downpours.

The dry season from December to February is also substantially hotter, with average high temperatures of 33 degrees Celsius.

The dry season forces species to congregate around water sources, creating concentrated sightings, as it does for much of Africa. The highest bird population density and the fewest visitors are observed during the rainier months.

Accommodation at Murchison Falls National Park.

Several lodges and campsites are available within and around the park, offering various accommodation options to suit different budgets and preferences; From luxury lodges with stunning views to basic campsites for the adventurous, visitors can find suitable places to stay and immerse themselves in the beauty of Murchison Falls National Park; Mid-range and Budget accommodation facilities are in plenty too for any travelers’ selection; The likes of Chobe Safari Lodge, Paraa Safari Lodge, Fort Murchison Safari Lodge, Baker’s Lodge, Nile Safari Lodge, Murchison River Lodge, Pakuba Safari Lodge, Hornbill Bush Lodge and so many others.

Murchison Falls National Park

Murchison Falls National Park

Chobe Standard Room

Getting to Murchison Falls National Park.

There are two ways to get to Murchison Falls National Park and that is by road (Vehicle) and by Plane (Fly).

By Road.
Most visitors to Murchison Falls National Park choose to travel by road. The journey from Kampala takes approximately 4-5 hours, depending on road conditions and traffic. The roads are generally good, but some parts may be rough, especially during the rainy season. You can hire a private car or use a tour operator’s services for a guided safari.

By Air.
The nearest airport to Murchison Falls National Park is the Pakuba Airfield, which is located within the park’s boundaries. There are charter flights available from Entebbe International Airport in Kampala to Pakuba Airfield. These flights are convenient and save you time, but they can be expensive

Organized Safari.
Many tour operators offer organized safaris to Murchison Falls National Park. These safaris often include transportation, accommodation, game drives, and other activities, making it a hassle-free way to experience the park.

Conservation Measures and Challenges at Murchison Falls NP.

Despite its conservation success, Murchison Falls National Park faces some challenges, including poaching, encroachment, and habitat degradation; The park authorities and conservation organizations are working hard to address these issues and safeguard the park’s biodiversity and ecological balance.

Geography and Geology of Murchison Falls National Park.

Murchison Falls National Park is a renowned national park located in northwestern Uganda, known for its stunning landscapes, diverse wildlife, and impressive waterfalls.
Here’s a brief overview of the geography and geology of Murchison Falls National Park:

Geography: – Murchison Falls National Park


Murchison Falls National Park is situated in the northern part of Uganda, covering an area of about 3,893 square kilometers (1,503 square miles).


The Park is bisected by the Victoria Nile, which flows through it from Lake Victoria to Lake Albert. The Nile River passes through a series of rapids and waterfalls, with the most famous being the Murchison Falls themselves.


The Park’s terrain varies from open savannah grasslands to woodland and wetland areas. The Victoria Nile cuts through the landscape, creating dramatic cliffs and gorges.

Vegetation:The park is home to diverse vegetation types, including riverine forests, savannah grasslands, and woodlands. The riverbanks are lined with dense vegetation, while the savannah provides grazing grounds for a variety of wildlife.

Geology: – Murchison Falls National Park

Murchison Falls:

The main geological feature of the park is Murchison Falls, where the Nile River squeezes through a narrow gap in the Rift Valley escarpment, creating a powerful waterfall; The force of the water cutting through the rock has led to the formation of the falls over millions of years.

Rift Valley:

The park is located in the East African Rift Valley, a geological formation characterized by the splitting of the African continent into two tectonic plates; This rift has created various geological features in the area, including the steep cliffs and escarpments found in Murchison Falls National Park.

Rock Formations:

The rocks in the park are predominantly part of the basement complex, consisting of ancient Precambrian metamorphic rocks; These rocks have been shaped and eroded over millions of years by the flow of the Nile River, resulting in the creation of the falls and the surrounding landscapes.

Sedimentary Deposits:

The presence of sedimentary deposits in the park is evident from the layers of rock found along the Nile’s course. These sediments have built up over time and contribute to the diverse geological history of the area.

Murchison Falls National Park’s unique combination of geological formations, diverse vegetation, and abundant wildlife make it a popular destination for tourists and researchers interested in exploring the natural history and beauty of Uganda’s landscapes.


What to Pack for Murchison Falls National Park.

Packing appropriately for a visit to Murchison Falls National Park will ensure that you have a comfortable and enjoyable experience. The park’s diverse landscapes and activities require careful consideration of what to bring. Here’s a comprehensive packing list:


  • Lightweight and breathable clothing (long-sleeved shirts and pants to protect from sun and insects)
  • T-shirts and shorts for warmer days
  • A light jacket or sweater for cooler evenings
  • Sturdy, comfortable walking shoes or hiking boots with good traction
  • Hat or cap for sun protection
  • Swimsuit (if you plan to swim)
  • Rain jacket or poncho (especially during the rainy season)

Outdoor Gear:

  • Binoculars for wildlife and bird watching
  • Camera with extra batteries and memory cards
  • Backpack for carrying essentials during hikes or game drives
  • Sunscreen and insect repellent with high DEET content
  • Portable water bottle to stay hydrated
  • Travel towel or microfiber towel (quick-drying)
  • Sunglasses with UV protection

Personal Items:

  • Prescription medications and basic first aid supplies
  • Personal toiletries (toothbrush, toothpaste, soap, etc.)
  • Hand sanitizer and wet wipes
  • Personal identification, passport, and any required travel documents
  • Travel adapter (Uganda uses Type G electrical outlets)
  • Any necessary travel insurance documentation


  • Cash (Ugandan shillings) for park fees, tips, and small purchases (ATMs may not be readily available in the park)
  • Snacks and energy bars for longer outings
  • Guidebooks or wildlife identification materials
  • Notebooks and pens for journaling or note-taking

Important Notes:

  1. Wildlife Viewing Etiquette: Wear neutral-colored clothing to blend in with the surroundings and avoid bright colors that might startle wildlife. Avoid strong scents that could attract unwanted attention from insects or animals.
  2. Medical Considerations: Consult your doctor for any required vaccinations or health precautions before traveling to Uganda. Bring necessary prescription medications and a basic first aid kit.
  3. Respect Local Customs: Uganda is a conservative country, so it’s advised to dress modestly especially when visiting villages or local communities.
  4. Weather Considerations: Uganda’s weather can be unpredictable, so pack layers that can be easily added or removed. Rain is possible year-round, so a rain jacket is essential.
  5. Park Fees: Be prepared to pay park entry fees, which vary depending on your nationality and the activities you plan to engage in; These fees help support conservation efforts in the park.

Remember to pack lightly and efficiently, focusing on items that are practical and essential for your specific activities and preferences.

Remarks on Murchison Falls National Park.

Murchison Falls National Park is a treasure trove of natural beauty, offering an unforgettable safari experience with its diverse wildlife, impressive landscapes, and the awe-inspiring Murchison Falls. It remains a must-visit destination for anyone seeking an authentic African wildlife adventure in Uganda.